Boasting springtime temperatures during the winter and cool summers freshened by a breeze blowing in from the Atlantic, Costa de Lisboa, on the southwestern coast, offers a rich and impressively integrated diversity. The capital of Portugal since its conquest from the Moors in 1147, Lisbon is a legendary city with over 20 centuries of History. The Alfama is one of the oldest quarters in Lisboa. Since it largely survived the earthquake of 1755, the area still retains much of its original layout.
Costa da Caparica belongs to the Almada council, located on the south bank of the river Tagus where magnificent sandy beaches stretch south for nearly 30 kilometres from Caparica to Cabo Espichel. Big areas of eucalyptus, pine-trees and acacia-trees spread along the white, fine sands. But Costa da Caparica is more than beaches and huge areas of white sands, although this is the first thing you'll remember when you think of it.
On the cliff above the beach with its brightly-coloured sardine boats, stands an old Capuchin Monastery originally founded in 1558.
During the summer months, you can hire a small tent on the beach to get some shadow when the temperatures are too high or take a ride on an open-carriage railway that runs for 10 km along the beaches of the Costa da Caparica.
The coast and hinterland of Caparica offer the visitor a wealth of natural treasures.
This is a place blessed by a superb climate, and a number of characteristics, which make it a natural habitat for a great diversity of flora and fauna.
The Mata das Dunas and Mata Nacional dos Medos, areas of planting originally designed to arrest the movement of shifting sand from encroaching onto the rich agricultural land of the interior, have given rise to magnificent woods of acacia, pine and juniper, thus creating wonderful areas for leisure and relaxation.
The Arriba Fóssil, a strange and rare formation of sedimentary rock, deposited over a period of many millions of years, is a protected area and home to a variety of birds of prey, including the common Buzzard, the Black Winged Kite and the Galician Owl.
Other important protected areas include the Tagus Estuary and the Arrábida Natural Park, both within easy driving distance.
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